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Turtles & Terrapins

Turtles are reptiles with hard shells that protect them from predators. They are among the oldest and most primitive groups of reptiles, having evolved millions of years ago. Turtles live all over the world in almost every type of climate. Aquatic turtles kept as pets are typically more difficult to care for than most pet parents realize.


Turtles should eat a variety of commercially available turtle pellets (which include required protein for their health) in addition to live food and a variety of vegetables. Turtles can even enjoy the occasional fruit or treat! Most semiaquatic and aquatic turtles, like red sliders, painted turtles, and pond turtles, are omnivores, which means they eat a combination of animal protein and vegetables.


Some species, such as the spiny soft-shell turtle, are considered carnivorous and eat primarily animal protein. Typically, aquatic turtles eat more animal protein when they are young and more veggies as they get older. It’s important to continue to evolve your turtle’s diet as they age.

Carnivorous turtles should eat a mixture of multiple commercially produced turtle pellets in addition to live animal protein. Omnivorous turtles should also receive the pellet mix, as well as approved vegetables and plant matter.


The typical ratio of foods for an adult omnivorous turtle includes: More than 50% plant material Around 20% pellets Around 30% live animal protein In wild turtles eat insects, such as earthworms, waxworms, mealworms, and bee moth larvae, etc.

Feeding Turtles & Terrapins

Promeal Recommended Products for Turtles

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