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An Introduction to Feeder Insects: Types and Benefits for Your Pet's Diet

Updated: Apr 11, 2023

Are you an aquarium or exotic pet enthusiast searching for the best diet for your beloved pets? Feeder insects are the perfect solution for your pet's nutritional needs. Dive into this comprehensive guide on feeder insects and discover the benefits they offer for your pet's diet.

What are Feeder Insects?

Feeder insects are live or dried insects fed to captive animals such as reptiles, amphibians, and birds. Feeder insects are an essential part of the diet for many exotic pets, aquarium fish, and zoo animals. They provide the necessary nutrients, vitamins, and minerals that these animals require for optimal health and growth. In this article, we'll explore various types of feeder insects and their benefits for your pet's diet. We'll primarily focus on mealworms, superworms, crickets, roaches, and black soldier fly larvae (BSF).

Promeal Live Mealworm
Promeal Live Mealworm

Mealworms are the larval stage of the darkling beetle and are a popular feeder insect for many reptiles, birds, and fish. They're packed with protein, fat, and other essential nutrients, making them an ideal food source for a wide range of pets.

Benefits of mealworms for your pet's diet:

  • High protein content: Mealworms contain around 50-60% protein, making them an excellent source of essential amino acids for muscle growth and maintenance.

  • Rich in vitamins and minerals: Mealworms provide essential vitamins such as B-complex and minerals like copper, iron, and zinc, which help support a healthy immune system.

  • Easy to digest: The relatively soft exoskeleton of mealworms makes them easier for pets to digest compared to other insects with harder shells.

Live Superworm  eating Carrot
Promeal Live Superworm

Superworms, also known as king worms or morio worms, are the larvae of the darkling beetle Zophobas morio. They are larger and more active than mealworms, making them an attractive food option for larger reptiles and other insectivorous animals.

Benefits of superworms for your pet's diet:

  • Higher fat content: Superworms contain more fat than mealworms, providing an excellent energy source for active pets.

  • Larger size: The bigger size of superworms makes them suitable for larger pets, ensuring they get the nutrition they need in fewer bites.

  • Stimulating prey: The increased activity of superworms can help stimulate your pet's hunting instincts, promoting mental stimulation and overall well-being.

Promeal Live Crickets eating Vegatables
Promeal Live Crickets

Crickets are a staple in the diets of many reptiles, amphibians, and insect-eating birds. They are a rich source of protein and other essential nutrients, making them an ideal feeder insect for a variety of pets.

Benefits of crickets for your pet's diet:

  • High protein content: Crickets offer a high protein content of around 60-70%, ensuring your pet gets the amino acids it needs for growth and development.

  • Gut-loading potential: Crickets can be gut-loaded with nutritious food before feeding to your pet, providing an additional source of vitamins and minerals.

  • Entertaining prey: The movement and sound of crickets can stimulate your pet's natural hunting instincts, providing mental and physical exercise.

Promeal Live Roaches
Promeal Live Roaches

Roaches, like lobster roaches or dubia, are an increasingly popular feeder insect for reptiles, amphibians, and other exotic pets. They are easy to breed and have a high nutritional value, making them an excellent choice for a variety of pets.

Benefits of roaches for your pet's diet:

  • Nutrient-dense: Roaches offer a well-balanced ratio of protein, fat, and carbohydrates, providing a complete diet for your pet.

  • Low odor and noise: Unlike crickets, roaches are relatively quiet and produce little odor, making them a more pleasant feeder insect option for pet owners.

  • Long lifespan: Roaches have a longer lifespan than other feeder insects, allowing you to keep a supply on hand for an extended period without spoilage.

Promeal Live BSF Larve
Promeal Live BSF Larve

Black soldier fly larvae (BSF) are the larvae of the black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens. They are an excellent source of protein, fat, and essential nutrients, making them a popular choice for reptile, amphibian, and fish diets.

Benefits of BSF for your pet's diet:

  • High protein and fat content: BSF contain around 40-50% protein and 30-40% fat, providing a well-balanced nutrient profile for your pet.

  • Rich in calcium: One of the standout benefits of BSF is their high calcium content, which is crucial for healthy bone development and maintenance in pets like reptiles and amphibians.

  • Sustainable and eco-friendly: BSF are an environmentally friendly feeder insect option, as they can be raised on organic waste materials, reducing the environmental impact of their production.

Benefits of feeder insects in pet diets

Providing essential nutrients


Feeder insects are an excellent source of protein, which is crucial for the growth and maintenance of muscles, organs, and other tissues in pets. Protein is especially important for reptiles and amphibians, as it helps support proper growth and development, as well as aiding in the repair of damaged tissues and promoting overall health.


Fats provide energy and are necessary for the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins like A, D, E, and K. They also play a vital role in maintaining cell membranes and ensuring healthy skin, scales, and feathers. Feeder insects like mealworms, superworms, and roaches are high in healthy fats, which contribute to the overall well-being of your pets.

Vitamins and minerals

Feeder insects are packed with essential vitamins and minerals that help support various bodily functions. For example, calcium is crucial for strong bones and proper muscle function, while phosphorus plays a key role in energy production and metabolic processes. Feeder insects like crickets and black soldier fly larvae are particularly rich in essential minerals, making them a valuable addition to your pet's diet.

Supporting healthy digestion

Feeder insects are a natural food source for many pets and are more easily digested than some commercial pet foods. The exoskeletons of insects provide a source of dietary fiber, which aids in digestion and helps maintain a healthy gut. This is especially important for reptiles and amphibians, which have unique digestive systems that can be negatively affected by overly processed or artificial foods.

Encouraging natural foraging behavior

Feeder insects stimulate natural foraging and hunting instincts in pets, promoting both physical and mental stimulation. This is particularly important for reptiles, amphibians, and birds, which are often more active and engaged when provided with live prey. Feeding your pets with live insects can help prevent boredom and stress, leading to happier, healthier animals.

Environmental and ethical benefits

Raising feeder insects has a lower environmental impact compared to producing traditional livestock, as insects require less space, water, and food resources. Insects also produce fewer greenhouse gas emissions, making them a more sustainable food option. Furthermore, many feeder insects are humanely raised and harvested, ensuring an ethical approach to pet nutrition.

Selecting the right feeder insects for your pet

A. Understanding your pet's specific nutritional needs

Different species of pets have unique nutritional requirements, which must be taken into account when selecting appropriate feeder insects. For example, some reptiles need a diet high in calcium, while others may require more protein or fat. It's essential to research your pet's specific nutritional needs to ensure their diet is well-rounded and provides all the necessary nutrients for optimal health.

B. Considering your pet's natural feeding habits

When choosing feeder insects, it's important to consider your pet's natural feeding habits in the wild. Pets are more likely to accept and thrive on a diet that closely mimics their natural prey. For example, many reptiles and amphibians naturally eat a variety of insects, so providing a diverse selection of feeder insects can help to satisfy their instincts and promote healthy eating habits.

C. Evaluating the pros and cons of different feeder insects

Each type of feeder insect has its unique benefits and drawbacks, and it's essential to weigh these when selecting the best options for your pet. Some insects may be more nutritious, while others may be easier to care for and store. Consider factors such as nutritional content, ease of storage, and whether the insect is a suitable size for your pet when making your choice.

V. Tips for feeding feeder insects to your pet

Gutloading Crickets Insect
Gutloading Crickets Insect

A. Gut-loading insects for maximum nutrition

Gut-loading is the process of feeding insects a nutritious diet before offering them to your pet. This ensures that the insects are packed with essential nutrients, which are then passed on to your pet when they consume them. Offer insects a diet rich in vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients for at least 24 hours before feeding them to your pet to maximize their nutritional value.

Bearded Dragons  Dusted to Calcium Powder
Bearded Dragons Dusted to Calcium Powder

B. Dusting insects with supplements

In addition to gut-loading, you can also dust insects with supplements to further enhance their nutritional content. This typically involves lightly coating the insects with a powdered supplement, such as calcium or multivitamins, before offering them to your pet. Dusting can help to ensure that your pet is receiving all the necessary nutrients, particularly if their diet is not fully balanced or if they have specific dietary requirements.

Promeal Medley Treat for Fishes, Birds, Etc
Promeal Medley Treat for pets

Just like humans, pets benefit from a varied diet that offers a range of different nutrients. By providing your pet with a diverse selection of feeder insects, you can help to ensure that their nutritional needs are met and prevent boredom and stress associated with a monotonous diet. Rotate between different types of insects and consider occasionally offering other food sources, such as vegetables or fruits, depending on your pet's dietary preferences.

Promeal Superworm Storage Jar
Promeal Superworm Storage Jar

D. Properly storing and handling feeder insects

Proper storage and handling of feeder insects are crucial for maintaining their nutritional value and ensuring the health of your pet. Store live insects in a well-ventilated container with a suitable food source, and keep them at an appropriate temperature to ensure their longevity. When handling insects, use a gentle approach to minimize stress and potential injury to both the insects and your pet. Always wash your hands before and after handling feeder insects to prevent the spread of germs and maintain a hygienic environment for your pet.

VI. Promeal's range of feeder insect products

Promeal Live Superworm eating Vegatables
Promeal Live Superworm

Promeal is committed to providing a wide variety of high-quality live feeder insects to meet the diverse needs of pet owners in India. Their live insect offerings include Mealworms, Superworms, Crickets, Roaches (Lobster), BSF, Waxworms, and Hornworms. These insects are available in different quantities, with the smallest packs starting as low as Rs. 249. For bulk orders, Promeal also offers insects by the kilogram, catering to the needs of pet owners, zoos, and private zookeepers alike.

Promeal Dried Superworm.jpg
Promeal Dried Superworm.jpg

In addition to live insects, Promeal offers a range of dried feeder insects under their brand "Promeal's Wildly Tasty." This product line includes dried Mealworms, Superworms, Crickets, Roaches, BSF, and more. Dried insects provide a convenient and long-lasting alternative to live insects, retaining much of their nutritional value while being easier to store and handle.

Furthermore, Promeal offers a dried insect mix under the brand "Promeal's Medley Treats," which features a mix of all their dried insects. This product is an excellent option for pet owners looking to provide a varied diet for their pets, as it offers multiple types of insects in a single convenient package.

C. Supplementary products for insect care and nutrition

Promeal also offers a selection of supplementary products designed to enhance the care and nutrition of feeder insects. These products include bran mix food for insects, which provides a nutritious diet to ensure the insects are gut-loaded and packed with essential nutrients before being fed to your pet.

Additionally, Promeal offers dusting supplements for insects, which can be used to coat live or dried insects before feeding them to your pet. These supplements help ensure that your pet receives the necessary vitamins and minerals that may be lacking in their diet.

Promeal's commitment to providing a comprehensive range of feeder insect products and supplements makes it an ideal choice for pet owners seeking the best in nutrition and convenience for their beloved pets.

A. Recap of the importance of feeder insects in pet diets

In conclusion, feeder insects play a crucial role in the diets of many pets, particularly those of aquarium and exotic pet keepers, as well as zoo animals. These insects offer a natural and nutritious food source, providing essential nutrients such as proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals that contribute to the overall health and well-being of your pet. By understanding the specific needs of your pet and selecting the right feeder insects, you can ensure that your pet receives a balanced and nutritionally complete diet.

If you're ready to elevate your pet's diet and provide them with the best nutrition possible, Promeal offers a comprehensive range of feeder insect products to meet your needs. From live insects to dried insect products and supplementary products for insect care and nutrition, Promeal has everything you need to ensure your pet thrives on a diet rich in essential nutrients.

Don't wait any longer to start enhancing your pet's diet with nutritious and natural feeder insects. Visit the Promeal shop page today to explore their extensive range of live and dried feeder insects, as well as supplementary products designed to maximize the nutrition and care of your feeder insects. Make the right choice for your pet's health and well-being by choosing Promeal's high-quality feeder insect products.


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