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Superworms as Feeder Insects: Benefits, Care, and Storage Tips

Updated: Apr 9, 2023

Superworms (Zophobas morio), also known as king worms or morio worms, are a popular feeder insect for a wide range of exotic pets, including reptiles, amphibians, and birds. They are highly nutritious and can be an essential part of a balanced and varied diet for many pets.


In this blog, we'll explore the benefits of superworms as feeder insects, discuss their nutritional value, and explain how they can be a versatile addition to your pet's diet. We'll also cover the best practices for caring and storing superworms, ensuring they remain healthy and nutritious for your pet.


Benefits of superworms as feeder insects

Dried Superworm Nutriotional Value
Dried Superworm Nutriotional Value


Nutritional value

Superworms are highly nutritious, making them an excellent choice for many pets. They are rich in protein, which is crucial for growth, tissue repair, and overall health. In addition, superworms provide a good source of healthy fats, which are essential for energy and maintaining cell membranes. They also contain essential vitamins and minerals, such as calcium, phosphorus, and potassium, which support your pet's bone health, muscle function, and overall wellbeing.



Tortoise Eating Superworm
Tortoise Eating Superworm

Versatility in pet diets

One of the significant advantages of superworms as feeder insects is their versatility. They can be fed to various pets, including reptiles like bearded dragons, geckos, and chameleons, amphibians such as frogs and salamanders, and even some species of birds. Superworms are available in different sizes, making it easy to find the right size for your pet. Moreover, their relatively soft

exoskeleton makes them easy for pets to digest, reducing the risk of impaction.



Superworm Breeding Setupat Home
Superworm Breeding Setup

Readily available and easy to breed

Superworms are readily available, making them a convenient option for pet owners. They can be purchased from pet stores, online retailers, or even bred at home. Breeding superworms is relatively straightforward, requiring minimal equipment and space. This makes them an economical and sustainable choice for pet owners looking to provide their pets with a consistent supply of high-quality feeder insects.


By incorporating superworms into your pet's diet, you can ensure they receive the essential nutrients they need for optimal health. In the following sections, we'll delve into the best practices for caring for and storing superworms, as well as how to safely introduce them to your pet's diet.


Life cycle of superworms


Overview of the superworm life cycle

Superworms, like many insects, go through a metamorphic life cycle consisting of four stages: egg, larva, pupa, and adult. The entire life cycle can take approximately 4-5 months, depending on environmental conditions.


Life cycle of Superworm
Life cycle of Superworm

Egg: Female adult beetles lay small, oval-shaped eggs in the substrate, which hatch into tiny larvae after 1-2 weeks.

Larva: The larval stage is the stage at which superworms are typically used as feeder insects. During this stage, they undergo several molts, growing larger and shedding their exoskeletons. This stage lasts around 3-4 months.

Pupa: After reaching a certain size, the larvae will pupate, transforming into an immobile pupa. This stage lasts around 1-2 weeks before they emerge as adult beetles.

Adult: The adult beetles are short-lived, with a lifespan of approximately 1-2 months. Their primary purpose is to mate and lay eggs, continuing the life cycle.


How the life cycle impacts their use as feeder insects

Understanding the superworm life cycle is essential for maintaining a healthy colony for your pet's dietary needs. Feeding your pets superworms during the larval stage ensures they receive the maximum nutritional benefits. It's also important to separate pupae and adults from the larvae, as they can become cannibalistic and reduce the number of available feeder insects.


How to care for live superworms


Promeal container with superworms and substrate
Promeal container with superworms and substrate

Housing requirements

Superworms should be housed in a plastic or glass container with a secure lid to prevent escape. A substrate such as bran, oats, or wheat germ should be used to provide a comfortable environment and a source of food for the superworms. It's essential to keep the container clean and remove any moldy or damp food to prevent the growth of bacteria and fungi.




Promeal Superworm Eating Fruits and Vegatables
Promeal Superworm Eating Fruits and Vegatables

Feeding and gut-loading

To ensure your superworms are nutritious for your pet, they should be gut-loaded with high-quality food such as fruits, vegetables, or commercial gut-loading products. This process provides the superworms with essential nutrients that will be passed on to your pet when consumed. Gut-loading should be done 24-48 hours before feeding the superworms to your pet.


Maintaining proper temperature and humidity

Superworms thrive in temperatures between 75°F and 80°F (24°C and 27°C). Maintaining this temperature range ensures healthy growth and development. A heating pad or low-wattage heat lamp can be used to achieve the desired temperature if necessary. The humidity level should be relatively low, as excessive moisture can lead to mold and bacterial growth. Regularly inspect and change the substrate to maintain proper humidity levels.


Proper care for your superworms ensures they remain healthy and nutritious, providing the best possible diet for your pet. In the next sections, we'll discuss how to store superworms and safely introduce them to your pet's diet.


Tips for storing superworms

Short-term storage

For short-term storage, keep superworms in their container with a substrate such as bran, oats, or wheat germ. Make sure the container is well-ventilated and maintain temperatures between 75°F and 80°F (24°C and 27°C). Provide fresh fruits and vegetables to keep them hydrated and gut-loaded.


Long-term storage

Long-term storage of superworms requires a different approach. Lowering the temperature to around 60°F (15°C) slows down their metabolism and growth, allowing you to store them for a longer period. However, ensure they still have access to food and moisture. Check on the superworms regularly to remove any dead ones and provide fresh food as needed.


healthy and active superworm on a piece of fruit
Promeal Helthy Superworm


Ensuring superworm health and vitality

To maintain healthy and active superworms, keep their environment clean, provide a proper substrate, and gut-load them with fresh fruits and vegetables. Regularly inspect the superworms for any signs of illness or mold and remove any affected individuals immediately.




Feeding superworms to your pets

Tortoise Eating Promeal  Live Superworm
Tortoise Eating Live Superworm

Properly introducing superworms to your pet's diet

When introducing superworms to your pet's diet, start with small quantities and gradually increase the number of superworms fed. Monitor your pet's reaction to ensure they can digest the superworms without any issues. Always provide a balanced diet by offering a variety of feeder insects and food items.


Dusting superworms with supplements

To enhance the nutritional value of superworms, dust them with vitamin and mineral supplements before feeding them to your pet. Place the superworms in a plastic bag or container, add the supplement powder, and gently shake until the superworms are evenly coated.


Tips for feeding live superworms

Use feeding tongs or a similar tool to offer superworms to your pet, as this minimizes the risk of accidental bites and allows you to control the feeding process.

  • Feed your pet in a separate feeding container to prevent the ingestion of substrate from their regular enclosure.

  • Monitor your pet's weight and adjust the feeding frequency and quantity accordingly to maintain a healthy weight.


Following these tips ensures that your pet receives the full nutritional benefits of superworms while minimizing potential risks associated with live feedings.


Promeal's superworm products and commitment to quality



Promeal Live Superworm food for Fishes and other birds and animal
Promeal Live Superworm

Promeal offers a range of live superworms, carefully bred and raised to ensure the highest quality possible. Our superworms are fed a nutritious diet, gut-loaded, and ready to be introduced to your pet's feeding routine. We ensure that they are healthy, active, and meet the highest standards of hygiene.





Promeal Dried Superworm food for Fishesh Reptiles and other exotic animals
Promeal Dried Superworm

For pet owners who prefer an alternative to live feeders, Promeal provides dried superworms that maintain their nutritional value without the need for live insect care. Dried superworms are an excellent option for pets that accept non-live food items and can be easily stored without the need for special conditions.




Supplementary products for superworm care and nutrition


In addition to live and dried superworms, Promeal offers a range of supplementary products to enhance the care and nutrition of your superworms. These products include:

  • Substrates: High-quality bran or oatmeal to create the ideal environment for your superworms.

  • Gut-loading food: Nutrient-rich food items to optimize the nutritional value of your superworms before feeding them to your pets.

  • Vitamin and mineral supplements: Supplement powders to dust your superworms, ensuring your pet receives a well-rounded diet.

Promeal's commitment to quality ensures that our customers receive the best possible products to support their pet's health and well-being. By choosing Promeal, you are investing in a company that prioritizes the care and nutrition of feeder insects, ensuring a healthier diet for your pets.


Recap of the benefits of superworms as feeder insects

In conclusion, superworms are an excellent choice for pet owners seeking a nutritious and versatile feeder insect. They offer significant nutritional value, including essential proteins, fats, and minerals, which contribute to the overall health and well-being of your pets. Their ease of care, breeding capabilities, and wide acceptance among various pet species make them a popular choice for a diverse range of animals.


We encourage pet owners to consider incorporating superworms into their pet's diet to provide a well-rounded, nutritious meal. With the right care and preparation, superworms can make a significant positive impact on your pet's overall health, growth, and vitality.


Discover the variety of superworm products Promeal has to offer, including live and dried superworms, as well as supplementary products for optimal care and nutrition. Take advantage of our commitment to quality and support your pet's health with the best feeder insects on the market.


Ready to try superworms for your pet? Visit our shop page to explore our selection of superworm products and make a purchase today. Give your pet the nutritious diet they deserve with Promeal's high-quality feeder insects.


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