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Basics About Severum Fish


Severum Fish
Severum Fish

General Info

Severum, also known as Banded Cichlids, are popular freshwater fish among aquarists for their striking appearance, peaceful demeanor, and ease of care. They make an excellent addition to community aquariums with other similarly-sized and temperament fish.


Distribution & Habitat

Native to the Amazon Basin in South America, Severum thrive in slow-moving, densely vegetated rivers and tributaries. They prefer warm, slightly acidic water with plenty of hiding places.


Description

Severum have a laterally compressed, oval-shaped body with striking colors and patterns. They can grow up to 8 inches in length and are available in various color forms, including green, gold, and red.



Severum Fish Setup
Severum Fish Aquarium Setup

Aquarium Setup

  1. Tank size: A minimum of 55 gallons for a single Severum, with larger tanks recommended for multiple fish or tank mates.

  2. Water parameters: Maintain a temperature of 75-84°F, pH between 6.0-7.5, and a hardness of 4-15 dGH.

  3. Decoration and plants: Provide ample hiding spots using live plants, driftwood, and rock formations.

Diet and Feeding

Severum are omnivorous but primarily herbivorous, requiring a diet rich in vegetable matter. Offer high-quality cichlid pellets, supplemented with fresh vegetables, spirulina, and occasional treats like bloodworms or brine shrimp.


Breeding and Reproduction

Severum form monogamous pairs and lay their eggs on flat surfaces such as rocks, driftwood, or broad-leafed plants. Increase water temperature and provide a nutritious diet to encourage breeding. Remove eggs to a separate tank or use a tank divider to protect them from other fish.


Health and Disease Prevention

  1. Maintain stable water parameters and perform regular water changes to prevent stress and disease.

  2. Quarantine new fish before adding them to the main tank.

  3. Monitor for common cichlid diseases like ich, fin rot, and bacterial infections, treating them promptly.

Social Structure and Tank Mates

Severum are peaceful cichlids that can coexist with other non-aggressive, similarly-sized fish. Avoid keeping them with aggressive or territorial species.


As a treat, you can offer your Severum insect-based foods such as Promeal's dried roaches or mealworms. Feed a few insects per fish once or twice a week, ensuring that the insects are appropriately sized for your Severum.


Tips and Considerations

  1. Severum can become territorial during breeding, so ensure enough space and hiding spots for each fish.

  2. Regularly test your water parameters and make necessary adjustments to maintain a healthy environment.

  3. Offer a varied diet to ensure optimal health and coloration.

Conclusion

Severum are attractive and personable pets that add color and activity to any aquarium. With proper care, a suitable environment, and a balanced diet, Severum will thrive and delight their keepers. This comprehensive guide will help you provide the best possible care for your Severum, ensuring their health and happiness.


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