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The Ultimate Guide to Arowana Fish Food: Best Choices for a Healthy and Vibrant Fish

Updated: Apr 13, 2023

Arowana fish, also known as dragon fish, are some of the most sought-after aquarium fish in the world. Their graceful swimming, vibrant colors, and unique appearance make them a popular choice for aquarium enthusiasts. However, these majestic fish require a specialized diet to maintain their health and vibrancy. In this ultimate guide to Arowana fish food, we will explore the best choices for a healthy and vibrant Arowana, covering various food types and essential nutrients your fish need to thrive.


The Importance of a Balanced Diet for Arowana Fish

A balanced diet is crucial for the overall health and well-being of your Arowana fish. Providing the right nutrients in the appropriate proportions ensures proper growth, vibrant coloration, and a strong immune system. An unbalanced diet can lead to numerous health issues, such as stunted growth, dull coloration, and susceptibility to diseases.

Key nutrients required by Arowana fish include:

Red Arowana Balance Diet mealworm superworm crickets roaches promeal
Red Arowana Balance Diet


Arowanas are primarily carnivorous, and they require a high protein diet for optimal growth and energy. Protein also plays a crucial role in maintaining healthy muscles, tissues, and immune function.


Essential fatty acids, such as Omega-3 and Omega-6, are vital for cell membrane integrity, immune function, and overall health. They also help in maintaining vibrant coloration in Arowanas.


Although Arowanas do not require a high carbohydrate intake, some sources like vegetables and fruits can provide essential vitamins, minerals, and fiber.

Vitamins and minerals:

A balanced diet should include essential vitamins and minerals, such as Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, calcium, and phosphorus, which play critical roles in maintaining proper bodily functions, bone health, and immune system function.


While not a primary nutrient for Arowanas, fiber helps in maintaining a healthy digestive system.

Types of Arowana Fish Food

There is a wide variety of food options available for Arowana fish, ranging from live foods to pellets and freeze-dried options. Understanding the different types of food can help you make the best choices for your Arowana's dietary needs.

Live Foods:

Live foods are a popular choice for Arowanas due to their natural hunting instincts. Some common live food options include:

Small fish:

Guppies, goldfish, and feeder fish are often used as live food for Arowanas. However, it's essential to ensure that these fish are parasite-free and sourced from a reputable supplier to avoid transmitting diseases.


Crickets, mealworms, and superworms are excellent protein sources and can be easily obtained from pet stores.


Brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, and ghost shrimp are nutritious options for Arowanas.

Frozen Foods:

Frozen foods are a convenient alternative to live foods and can provide a balanced diet for your Arowana fish. Some popular frozen food options include:

Frozen fish:

Chopped fish, such as mackerel, sardines, or tilapia, are excellent sources of protein and essential fatty acids.

Frozen shrimp:

Shrimp are high in protein and can be a tasty treat for your Arowana.

Frozen bloodworms:

Rich in protein and other nutrients, bloodworms are a favorite among Arowanas.


Commercially available Arowana pellets are formulated to provide a balanced diet and come in various sizes and formulations to cater to different fish sizes and growth stages.

Freeze-dried Foods:

Freeze-dried options, such as mealworms, crickets, and shrimp, offer convenience and a long shelf life while retaining most of the nutrients found in live foods.

Vegetables and Fruits:

While Arowanas are primarily carnivorous, occasionally supplementing their diet with small amounts of vegetables (e.g., spinach, peas) and fruits (e.g., apple, banana) can provide additional vitamins and minerals.

Choosing the Best Food for Your Arowana Fish

Selecting the right food for your Arowana fish involves considering factors such as the fish's size, age, and nutritional requirements. Here are some tips to help you make the best choices:

Nutrient Content:

Arowanas require a high-protein diet, with a protein content of at least 40% in their food. Make sure to check the nutritional information of the food you choose to ensure it meets your fish's dietary needs.

Food Size:

The size of the food should be appropriate for your Arowana's mouth. Juvenile Arowanas have smaller mouths, requiring smaller food items, while adult fish can handle larger prey. Over time, you can gradually increase the food size as your fish grows.


A varied diet helps ensure that your Arowana receives a wide range of nutrients and prevents boredom from eating the same food repeatedly. Rotate between live, frozen, and pellet food options and occasionally include vegetables and fruits in their diet.

Food Quality:

Choose high-quality food products from reputable brands and suppliers to ensure they are free of contaminants, parasites, and harmful additives. This is particularly crucial when choosing live foods, as low-quality sources can transmit diseases to your fish.

Feeding Frequency:

Arowanas are voracious eaters, and overfeeding can lead to health issues. Monitor your fish's appetite and adjust the feeding frequency accordingly. Juvenile Arowanas may require more frequent feedings, while adult fish can be fed once or twice daily.

Supplementing the Diet:

Arowana fish may benefit from occasional supplementation with vitamins and minerals, such as calcium and vitamin D3. Dusting live or freeze-dried insects with a supplement powder can help ensure optimal nutrition and promote healthy growth

Live foods provide essential nutrients and promote natural hunting behavior in Arowana fish. Some popular live food options include:

Arowana Eating Mealworm superworm
Arowana Eating Mealworm

Small Fish: Arowanas enjoy eating small, live fish such as guppies, goldfish, or minnows. Make sure to quarantine any new fish before feeding them to your Arowana to prevent the spread of diseases.

Insects: A variety of insects, like crickets, grasshoppers, and mealworms, can be fed to Arowanas. These insects are a natural part of their diet and offer an excellent source of protein.

Shrimp: Live or frozen shrimp, such as brine shrimp or ghost shrimp, can be a nutritious addition to your Arowana's diet. Shrimp are high in protein and provide essential fatty acids for your fish's overall health.

Earthworms: Earthworms are an excellent source of protein and can be found in bait shops or dug up from your garden. Make sure to rinse them thoroughly before feeding to remove any dirt or debris.

Feeder Crayfish: Feeder crayfish can be a tasty treat for Arowanas, providing them with essential nutrients and an opportunity to engage in natural hunting behavior. Ensure that the crayfish are appropriately sized for your fish to prevent choking hazards.

Remember to source live food from reputable suppliers and quarantine them if necessary to prevent introducing parasites or diseases to your fish.

Frozen and Dried Foods

Frozen and dried foods can be a convenient and nutritious option for Arowana owners. These foods maintain most of their nutritional value and are free from parasites or diseases. Some popular frozen or freeze-dried food options include:

Dried Superworm fo Arowana Food
Dried Superworm fo Arowana Food


Bloodworms are a favorite among Arowanas and are available in both frozen and freeze-dried forms. They are high in protein and provide essential nutrients for your fish.

Mysis Shrimp:

Mysis shrimp are another excellent frozen food option for Arowanas. They are small, nutritious, and rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which promote overall health and improve coloration.

Brine Shrimp:

Frozen or freeze-dried brine shrimp are a highly nutritious food option for Arowanas. They are high in protein and can improve your fish's overall health and coloration.


Krill are a great source of protein and essential fatty acids, making them an excellent choice for Arowanas. They can be found in both frozen and freeze-dried forms.


Squid is a nutrient-rich option for Arowanas and can be found in frozen form. It is high in protein and provides essential amino acids for your fish's overall health.

Make sure to thaw frozen foods before feeding them to your Arowana, and consider soaking freeze-dried foods in water for a few minutes before offering them to your fish.

Pellet Foods

Pellet foods can be a convenient and nutritious staple for Arowana fish, as they are specifically formulated to meet their dietary needs. When choosing pellet foods, consider the following factors:

 Arowana pellet food
Arowana pellet food


Choose a pellet size that is appropriate for your Arowana's mouth size. Smaller Arowanas will require smaller pellets, while larger Arowanas can handle bigger pellets.

Nutrient Composition:

Look for pellets with high protein content (around 40-50%) and a good balance of vitamins and minerals to promote overall health and growth.


High-quality pellet foods should have fishmeal or other high-quality protein sources as their primary ingredient. Avoid pellets that contain excessive amounts of filler ingredients like wheat or soy.

Floating vs. Sinking:

Arowanas are surface feeders, so floating pellets are generally preferred. However, some Arowanas may accept sinking pellets, especially if they have been trained to do so.

Brand Reputation:

Choose a reputable brand that is known for producing high-quality fish food. Some popular brands among Arowana owners include Hikari, New Life Spectrum, and NorthFin.

Remember to provide a varied diet by offering a mix of live, frozen, and pellet foods to ensure that your Arowana receives all the nutrients it needs.

Insects are a nutritious and natural food source for Arowanas, closely resembling their wild diet. Both live and dried insects can be beneficial for your Arowana, offering a variety of textures and tastes that can enhance their feeding experience.

Dried Mealworm Food for Arowana
Dried Mealworm Food for Arowana

Rich in protein and essential nutrients, these worms are a popular choice among Arowana owners. They can be offered live or dried, with dried worms being more convenient and longer-lasting.

Another excellent source of protein, crickets can be offered live or dried. Live crickets are more likely to stimulate your Arowana's natural hunting instincts, while dried crickets offer convenience and a longer shelf life.

These larvae are high in protein and calcium, making them a nutritious option for your Arowana. They can be fed live or dried, and are especially beneficial for promoting strong bones.


Offer a mix of different insect types to provide your Arowana with a diverse diet that keeps them interested and stimulated. Insects can be offered in combination with other live, frozen, and pellet foods for a well-rounded diet.


Always source live and dried insects from reputable suppliers to ensure they are free from parasites and contaminants. Look for suppliers that use organic and sustainable farming methods for the best quality insects.

Remember to provide a varied diet by offering a mix of live, frozen, pellet, and insect foods to ensure that your Arowana receives all the nutrients it needs.

Feeding Frequency and Schedule

Feeding your Arowana the right amount and on a proper schedule is crucial for their overall health and well-being. Here are some guidelines to help you establish an optimal feeding routine for your Arowana:


Young Arowanas require more frequent feedings to support their rapid growth. Feed them 2-3 times a day, offering only as much food as they can consume within a few minutes.


As your Arowana matures, you can reduce feeding frequency to once or twice a day. Keep the portions small, offering enough food that they can finish within 5 minutes.


Avoid overfeeding, as this can lead to obesity, poor water quality, and other health issues. Monitor your Arowana's body condition and adjust portion sizes accordingly.


Consider implementing a weekly fasting day to help your Arowana maintain a healthy weight and to give their digestive system a break. This practice can also stimulate their appetite and make them more eager to eat during regular feedings.


Establish a consistent feeding schedule to help reduce stress and maintain a stable environment for your Arowana. Stick to regular feeding times each day and avoid making sudden changes to their diet or routine.


Observe your Arowana during feedings to ensure they are eating well and to watch for any signs of illness or stress. If you notice changes in their appetite, behavior, or appearance, consult a veterinarian or fish expert for advice.

Supplements and Vitamins

To ensure your Arowana receives all the necessary nutrients for optimum health, you may need to supplement their diet with vitamins and minerals. Here are some common supplements and their benefits:

Gutloading Crickets For Arowana
Gutloading Crickets For Arowana


Calcium is essential for maintaining strong bones, teeth, and scales in Arowanas. You can provide calcium through calcium-rich foods like shrimp and snails or use a calcium supplement to dust their food.

Vitamin C:

This important antioxidant helps support the immune system and promotes healthy skin and scales. You can find vitamin C in many fruits and vegetables, or you can purchase a liquid vitamin C supplement to add to your Arowana's food.

Vitamin D3:

Vital for calcium absorption and bone health, vitamin D3 can be provided through natural sunlight or specialized UVB bulbs. You can also use a vitamin D3 supplement to ensure your Arowana receives the appropriate amount.


A high-quality multivitamin supplement can help fill any nutritional gaps in your Arowana's diet. Look for one specifically formulated for fish and follow the manufacturer's instructions for proper dosage and administration.


If you're feeding your Arowana live insects, consider gut-loading the insects with nutritious foods before offering them to your fish. This practice can significantly enhance the nutritional value of the insects, providing your Arowana with additional vitamins and minerals.

Always consult a veterinarian or fish expert before adding supplements to your Arowana's diet, as improper supplementation can cause imbalances and health issues.

Arowana Fish Food Storage and Handling Tips

Proper storage and handling of your Arowana's food can help maintain its nutritional value and ensure the safety of your fish. Here are some tips for storing and handling various types of fish food:

Promeal Live Insect Storage Container
Promeal Live Insect Storage Container

Dry and pellet foods:

Store these in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight. Use an airtight container to prevent contamination and keep the food fresh. Check the expiration date and discard any expired food.

Frozen foods:

Keep frozen foods in a freezer set at 0°F (-18°C) or below. Thaw the food in a separate container of aquarium water before feeding it to your Arowana. Never refreeze thawed food or feed your fish directly from the freezer.

Live foods:

Purchase live foods from reputable sources to minimize the risk of disease and parasites. Keep live foods in appropriate containers with proper ventilation and feed them to your Arowana within a few days.

Insect foods:

Store live insects in a container with proper ventilation and provide them with a nutritious diet (gut-loading) before feeding them to your Arowana. For dried insects, store them in a cool, dry place in an airtight container.


Store supplements according to the manufacturer's instructions. Keep them away from direct sunlight and moisture, and ensure they are properly sealed when not in use.

Food hygiene:

Wash your hands thoroughly before and after handling any fish food. Use separate utensils and containers for preparing and serving your Arowana's meals to prevent cross-contamination.

Following these guidelines will help ensure that your Arowana receives the best nutrition from its food, contributing to its overall health and well-being.

Feeding your Arowana a well-balanced diet is crucial to its overall health, well-being, and vibrancy. By understanding the various food options available and their nutritional benefits, you can make informed decisions about the best choices for your fish. Additionally, practicing proper food storage and handling techniques will help maintain the nutritional value of your Arowana's meals.

Remember, a healthy diet can significantly impact your Arowana's life quality and lifespan. Give your fish the best by choosing Promeal's high-quality dried insects, like mealworms and superworms, as part of their diverse and nutritionally balanced diet. Visit our website [] to explore our wide range of products and supplements, specifically designed to cater to the dietary needs of your Arowana and other aquatic pets. Invest in your Arowana's health today with Promeal!

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